Shortly after the assassination Stalin presented Ramón's mother Caridad with the Order of Lenin for her part in the plot
After the first few years in prison, he requested release on parole, which was denied by Dr. Jesús Siordia and the criminologist Alfonso Quiroz Cuarón. After almost 20 years in jail, he was eventually released from Mexico City's Palacio de Lecumberri prison on May 6, 1960 and moved to Havana, Cuba, where Fidel Castro's new revolutionary government welcomed him. In 1961, he moved to the Soviet Union and was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union medal from the then head of the KGB Alexander Shelepin. The order of Hero was the Soviet Union's highest decoration. He split his time between Cuba and the Soviet Union for the rest of his life and died in Havana in 1978.
He is buried (under the name of 'Ramon Ivanovich Lopez' (Рамон Иванович Лопес)) in Moscow's Kuntsevo Cemetery and has a place of honor in the museum of the KGB in the Russian capital.